High Frequency Facial Treatment
Written by: Kimberly Langford
What is High Frequency Cosmetic Treatment?
The high frequency facial is used by estheticians to help treat and prevent stubborn acne, shrink enlarged pores, reduce the appearance of fine lines, wrinkles and cellulite, decongest puffy eyes, fade dark eye circles and even rejuvenate the condition of the scalp for improved hair growth. Considered a timeless and essential skin rejuvenating treatment in the skin care industry, high frequency stimulates cell renewal and assists with improved skin care product penetration and absorption by gently warming the tissues of the skin.
The History Of High Frequency Current
High frequency was first developed in the late 1800's by renowned scientist Nikola Tesla. While it offers a number of functions, before the invention of 'modern' antibiotics it was largely used for medical purposes such as in the treatment of strep throat and other infections.
French biophysicist D'Arsonval also did early work in the area of electrotherapy. In 1892 he introduced the use of high frequency currents to treat diseases of the skin and mucous membranes. High frequency is also commonly referred to as the D'Arsonval high frequency current.
In the 1970's, European salons discovered the cosmetic and healing benefits of high frequency electrical stimulation on the skin and by 1980, the the technology became widely used in North American by skin care professionals. The safe, non-invasive technology was quickly found to be very beneficial in the treatment of many skin conditions ranging from acne to wrinkles to hair loss.
High Frequency Facial Devices and Machines For Home Use
High frequency facial devices and machines (traditionally referred to as "violet rays") can vary in design and appearance however the underlying principle, technology, and operational functions are very similar. Most professional high frequency equipment operates at a frequency of 100,000-300,000+ Hertz (cycles per second). Compact versions of the high frequency machines found in spas in salons may be purchased by professionals and experienced home users. For example, the best-selling Jellen® High Frequency Machine which operates at over 200,000+ cycles per second, is compact enough to use at home or in the treatment room where space may be limited.
The Jellen® High Frequency Facial Wand and the OxyDerm High Frequency Tool are examples of personal devices designed for home users that are new to high frequency treatment. Also ideal for frequent travelers, these devices are lightweight, very portable and easy to use. All of these hand-held systems offer the convenience of portability for use at home and can be very effective when used in between spa visits or as part of one's personal skin rejuvenation routine.
How Do High Frequency Facials Work?
The safe and gentle oscillating, oxygenating power of high frequency electrical current has been shown to enhance blood circulation, increase collagen and elastin production, eliminate toxins and acne-causing bacteria, encourage lymphatic drainage, exfoliate dead skin cells and improve skin care product absorption. The primary action of high frequency current is thermal (heat producing) and is characterized by a high rate of oscillation. Due to its rapid rate of oscillation, high frequency does not cause muscular contractions - instead, it works on the principle of skin toning.
All high frequency facial devices and machines function in conjunction with high frequency electrodes which are made of glass and come in a variety different shapes and sizes to treat various contours of the face and body. A mild electrical current is generated by the high frequency machine which then passes through the attached glass electrode upon contact with the skin. This produces a subtle glow within the electrode and a therapeutic zapping or tingling sensation on the skin as it is infused with purifying and rejuvenating oxygen molecules.
High frequency current works on skin toning rather than muscle toning by causing a circulation rush to the skin in addition to subtle tissue warming. This function causes a very natural contraction of the underlying blood vessels and tiny muscle groups. The dilation of the underlying vessels pushes away toxins, while the cells enjoy a feast of increased nutrients and hydrating volume. This result is in an increase in blood circulation and cell renewal as well as increased production levels of Collagen and Elastin which soften and smooth away wrinkles, reduce pore size and improve overall skin texture.
The application of high frequency current also promotes a natural cleansing and antibacterial action that helps prevent the onset of acne. The skin is left feeling instantly energized, rosy, firm, refreshed and noticeably softer - even after just one treatment. The enriched oxygen molecules produced by high frequency machines are safe and have been proven to be effective in helping to heal and restore the skin's health. High frequency is used to treat a range of concerns from skin lesions, acne, waxing procedures and cold sores to fine lines, sagging skin and puffy eyes.
About Frequency Electrode Colors and Shapes
All high frequency electrodes are filled with either 1) argon gas which produces a violet glow, or 2) neon gas which produces orange glow. Traditionally, violet electrodes are used by professionals to treat acne prone skin and orange electrodes are used to treat aging skin. However, we have found that both colors produce equally effective results regardless of skin care concern. It is important to note that violet electrodes do not produce harmful UV rays! High frequency electrodes are available in a variety of convenient shapes to facilitate the treatment of different areas of the the face and body. The most common electrode shapes are found below.
||Cheeks, Forehead, Neck, Chest
||Eye Area, Small Targeted Points
||Scalp, Areas of Thinning Hair
||Cheeks, Forehead, Neck, Scalp
What Are The Benefits Of High Frequency Facial Treatment?
High frequency facials offer a safe and gentle alternative to dramatic plastic surgery procedures, laser resurfacing, chemical peels, Collagen and Botox injections and other invasive skin rejuvenation procedures.
When using high frequency for anti-aging purposes, results can vary by individual and skin type, are gradual, and do not occur overnight! Although high frequency has been shown to produce an immediate and temporary lifting effect, continued daily application can provide more cumulative long-term, lasting results. Interestingly, many acne sufferers have found improvements in their complexions after only a few days of use.
1) Improvement In Acne
Sometimes the body can become immune to certain acne medications if used over an extended period of time. When combined with an effective acne treatment lotion, regular application of high frequency keeps the acne away long after other expensive medications and treatments can fail. High frequency gently cleanses the skin of acne-causing bacteria and unwanted toxins while making the skin more receptive to acne lotions, creams and other skin treatment products. The results can be extremely dramatic - even after only a few treatments!
2) Reduction in Enlarged Pores & Blackheads
With regular use, high frequency facials can be very effective at reducing the size of enlarged pores, softening skin, controlling excess sebum production and eliminating the occurrence of blackheads. The gentle spray of oxygen molecules produced by the high frequency current diminish enlarged pores by penetrating deep down into the root of the affected area and cleaning out unwanted debris and toxins allowing the pore to quickly regain its natural size once again.
3) Softening of Fine Lines, Wrinkles, and Sagging Skin
The oscillating action of high frequency can increase blood circulation, which in turn nourishes the skin's surface and renews underlying cells. It also produces an enriched form of oxygen, which can provide the skin with a firm, youthful, vibrant glow. It can diminish the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles, tighten double chins and jowls and improve overall skin texture and tone by promoting increased collagen production.
4) Reduction in Puffiness
The pulsating "oxygenation" action produced by high frequency current aids in lymphatic drainage and disperses excess fluid while increasing blood circulation. The result is a reduction in the appearance of congested, tired, puffy eyes. High frequency also helps the skin more efficiently absorb skin care products thereby extending their effectiveness.
5) Fading of Dark Eye Circles
New scientific research has shown the cause of severe dark eye circles to be broken capillaries that have leaked hemoglobin, creating a red-blue pigment deposit under the eyes. High frequency creates a circulation rush in the area and helps your current under eye product penetrate deeper into the skin tissue. The application of high frequency can be very effective at fading dark under eye circles resulting in a fresher, brighter, more youthful looking appearance.
6) Improvement in The Appearance of Cellulite
With regular use, high frequency treatment can be very effective at reducing reducing the appearance of cellulite when used in conjunction with a quality cellulite product. For years, the skin care industry has relied on this same high frequency, oxygen molecule producing technology to aid in lymphatic drainage, gently exfoliate the skin, increase blood circulation, assist in the production of collagen and elastin and promote healthy cell metabolism. The result: smoother, firmer, more refined skin.
7) Healthier Hair Growth
Through its rapid oscillation, high frequency current improves the process of nourishment, gently exfoliates the skin, promotes local blood circulation, stimulates local glandular activity, supplies heat to the area which is soothing to the nervous system and significantly improves the scalp's receptiveness to and the overall effectiveness of post-treatment hair growth formulas. For many years, hairdressers have used high frequency current technology to revitalize scalp conditions which can aid in promoting healthier hair growth.
Are High Frequency Facials Safe?
High frequency facials are considered a safe and gentle therapeutic approach to skin rejuvenation however the following precautions should always be taken:
- Avoid using AHA or Glycolic Acid products with high frequency as they may over-dry the skin
- Avoid treating areas of broken capillaries, spider veins and rosacea as high frequency may exacerbate these conditions
- Do not use if you are pregnant, have a pacemaker or history of heart disease
- Avoid wearing metal jewelry during high frequency treatment to avoid risk of shock
- Never operate high frequency unit with a broken bulb
- Do not use outdoors, near water or around combustible substances
Copyright ©Kimberly Langford 2014. All Rights Reserved.
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